Abscess: a lump of pus caused by inflammation or bacteria
Acne: common skin disorder usually caused by hormone imbalance especially during adolescence
Allergy: abnormal response by the body to a food or foreign substance
Analgesic: a pain-relieving substance
Anemic: reduction below normal of the number of erythrocytes, quantity of hemoglobin, or the volume of packed red cells in the blood; a symptom of various diseases and disorders
Antibiotic – literally, life-killing; in modern medicine, a substance that will kill disease causing micro organisms.
Anti-depressive: substance that relieves depression
Antianemic: Relating to factors or substances that prevent or correct anemic conditions.
Antifungal: A drug used to treat fungal infections.
Antihemorrhagic: reducing hemorrhage
Anti-inflammatory: Reducing inflammation by acting on body mechanisms
Antioxidant: refers to the ability of a substance to control or eliminate free radicals or reduce cellular oxidation in the body
Antiseptic: Something that discourages the growth microorganisms. By contrast, aseptic refers to the absence of microorganisms.
Antispasmodic: capable of relieving spasms
Antiviral: An agent that kills a virus or that suppresses its ability to replicate and, hence, inhibits its capability to multiply and reproduce.
Arthritis: painful inflammation of joint tissues
Asthma: spasm of the bronchi in the lungs, narrowing the airways
Astringent: substance able to contract cell walls and stop unwanted discharge
Bile: thick, oily fluid excreted by the liver; bile helps the body digest fats
Blood Pressure: The pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Bronchitis: infection of the bronchi, the tubes that take air to the lungs
Bursitis: inflammation of the water-filled cushions surrounding the knee (bursae)
Calmative: Simply a calming agent, not necessarily sedative.
Carminative: Inducing the expulsion of gas from the stomach and intestines.
Catarrh: excessive excretion of the phlegm from the air passage
Cholagogue: Refers to substances that stimulate bile production in the liver
Cholesterol: Fat-soluble steroid alcohol found in animal fats, oils, and egg yolk; continuously synthesized in the body, mainly in the liver.
Colic: abdominal pain caused by wind in the intestines
Constipation: condition where evacuating the bowels is infrequent and difficult
Compress – bandage or heating pad, cold compress is an ice pack
Cystitis: bladder infection causing infrequent and painful urination
Decoction: an herbal preparation made by simmering plant material in water until maximum extraction of active constituents is achieved. This process is usually used for roots, barks, and seeds that are not water soluble enough for use in simple infusions (teas).
Demulcent: A soothing, usually mucilaginous or oily substance, such as glycerin or lanolin, used especially to relieve pain in inflamed or irritated mucous membranes.
Dermatitis: inflammation of the skin
Detox: To counteract or destroy the toxic properties
Diaphoretic: Producing or increasing perspiration.
Diarrhea: frequent evacuation of loose (water) stools
Digestive: improving digestion or relating to it
Diuretic: Medicine which increases urination, often combined with demulcents.
Eczema: term for a wide range of skin conditions
Emmenagogue: A substance with medicinal properties designed to assist and promote the menstrual discharges
Epilepsy: abnormality of brain function causing seizures
Essential Oil: any of the large class of volatile (readily vaporizing), usually scented plant oils that are constituents of many herbal medications.
Expectorant: Medicine that promotes the discharge of matter from the lungs, whether it be mucus, pus, or any other morbid accumulation
Extract: in herbalism, the desired constituents withdrawn from a plant by physical or chemical means or both
Flatulence: excessive amount of gas in stomach or intestines
Galactagogue: substance that promotes the flow of breast milk
Gallstones: insoluble stones which occur in the gall-bladder
Gastritis: inflammation of stomach lining
Gingivitis: inflammation of the gums Gout: inflammation in joints caused by a buildup of uric acid
Hayfever: allergic reaction to pollen causing inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and eyes.
Hemorrhage: loss of blood
Hemorrhoids: swollen veins in the anus wall
Herbalism: the practice of identifying and using plants that have aromatic, flavoring, and, particularly, medicinal properties. The claims for the plants’ therapeutic value may be based on scientific fact, folklore, myth, or conjecture
Histamine: A compound, found in all cells, where tissue is damaged associated with allergies and other inflammatory reactions.
Homeostasis - (physiology) metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex biological mechanisms that operate via the autonomic nervous system to offset disrupting changes
Hypertension: high blood pressure
Hypertensive: Agent that increases blood pressure
Hypotension: low blood pressure
Immune system: the body’s defense mechanisms against infectious organisms and other foreign materials, such as allergens
Indigestion: Condition where digestion is difficult, resulting in abdominal pain
Infusion: A preparation made by steeping the plant material in hot water
Insecticide: killing insects
Insomnia: condition where falling asleep is difficult or impossible
Kidney Stone: small, hard stone that may form in the kidneys and cause intense pain. Various methods are used to dissolve them or break them into smaller parts so that they may be passed.
Laryngitis: inflammation of the larynx
Laxative: Encourages bowel movements
Meningitis: inflammation of the membranes that protect the brain
Menorrhagia: an excess loss of blood occurring during menstruation
Menstrual flow: discharge of blood and tissue debris of monthly period
Nerve tonic: a medicinal preparation that is meant to stimulate and “tone up” the nervous system and thus give a feeling of healthy wellbeing
Ointment: a solid medication applied to the skin for soothing or healing
Parkinson’s Disease: a progressive disease of the nervous system
Piles: swollen veins in the anus wall
Pleurisy: inflammation of the membrane which surrounds the lungs (pleura)
Pneumonia: a lung infection usually caused by bacteria or viruses
Poultice: a plaster that is applied hot and wet
Prostate gland: male gland surrounding neck of bladder and urethra
Purgative: tending to cleanse or purge, especially causing evacuation of the bowels.
Rheumatism: any painful disorder of the joint tissues
Ringworm: skin disease caused by fungal infection
Scabies: a skin disease caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabei marked by severe itching and crusty sores
Sedative: Allays irritability or nerve action and induces a state of calmness
Shingles: viral infection of the nerve gangli
Sinusitis: inflammation of mucous membranes lining the sinuses (especially nasal)
Spasm: an abnormal muscle contraction that is often accompanied by pain and may signal an underlying disorder
Stimulant: an agent that arouses organic activity, strengthens the action of the heart, increases vitality, and promotes a sense of well-being.
Stomachic: product that serves to increase stomach secretions
Thrombosis: formation of a blood clot in a blood vessel
Thrush: fungal infection of throat or vagina
Thyroid gland: gland that regulates the body’s metabolic rate, situated in front of the windpipe (trachea)
Tonic: Medicine that permanently increases the systemic tone by stimulating nutrition
Tonsillitis: inflammation of the tonsils
Tonsils: lymph tissue at the back of the throat
Tuberculosis: infectious disease caused by bacteria entering the body through the digestive tract, affecting the lungs first
Tumor: abnormal growth of the cells anywhere in the body
Ulcer: slow-healing sore occurring internally or externally
Urethritis: inflammation of the tube from the bladder (urethra)
Uric acid: waste product produced by metabolism
Vulnerary: Application for external wounds
Whooping cough: infectious childhood disease of the upper respiratory tract